Pictures of Coins of the UK

by Tony Clayton


Five Pounds and Five Guineas


50s and 60s <<-- : -->> Maundy Sets

History of the Five Guineas & Five Pounds
Values of the Five Guineas & Five Pounds


Search by reign:

Charles II : James II : William and Mary : William III : Anne : George I : George II : George III : George IV : Victoria : Edward VII: George V : George VI : Elizabeth II


Five Guineas


Charles II

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1668 five guineas

1668 elephant five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1670 five guineas

1670 five guineas, obverse (first bust) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1676 five guineas

1676 elephant and castle five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1684 five guineas

1684 five guineas, elephant and castle below second bust, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


James II

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1686 five guineas

1686 five guineas, obverse and reverse (left two sceptres transposed)
Courtesy of Spink

1688 five guineas

1688 five guineas, obverse (second bust) and reverse (sceptres correct)
Courtesy of Spink

1688 ec five guineas

1688 elephant & castle five guineas, obverse (first bust) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


William and Mary

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1691 five guineas

1692 five guineas, obverse and reverse (large lion)
Courtesy of Spink

1692 five guineas

1692 five guineas, obverse and reverse (small lion)
Courtesy of Spink

1694 five guineas

1694 elephant and castle five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


William III

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1699 five guineas

1699 elephant & castle five guineas, obverse (first bust) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1701 five guineas

1701 five guineas, 'fine work type';
obverse (second bust) and reverse

Courtesy of Spink


Queen Anne

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1703 five guineas

1703 VIGO five guineas, obverse and reverse
One of the most valuable British coins.

Courtesy of Spink

The following is extracted from the Spink Auction Catalogue for the Samuel King Collection, 2005.

On the October 12th 1702 a powerful Anglo-Dutch fleet, under the command of Admiral Sir George Rooke, engaged and destroyed a Franco-Spanish bullion fleet sheltering in Vigo bay on the north-eastern coast of Spain.

Rooke's fleet was returning to England after a failed attempt to take the port of Cadiz following the outbreak of hostilities in what was to become the War of Spanish Succession.

Despite achieving near total victory the English and their allies, as a result of Spanish foresight, only recovered a modest quantity of precious metals of which less than 4,500 lb of silver and the paltry sum of 7lb and 8oz of gold made it to the Mint. The destruction of the enemy fleet inflicted a serious blow to the reach of French naval power and the significance of the action was clearly perceived at the time.

The bullion was transported to the Tower with considerable pageantry and the then Master of the Mint, Sir Isaac Newton, noted for his frequent absences, personally oversaw the delivery. A royal warrant was subsequently issued causing the bullion to be coined and the word 'VIGO' to be inserted under Queen Anne's bust in order to 'Continue to Prosterity the Remembrance of that Glorious Action.'

The VIGO gold issue of 1703 was intended for circulation and comprised Half Guinea, Guinea and Five Guinea pieces. The dies were the work of the Mint's Chief Engraver, Henry Harris and his assistant John Croker. Each denomination is excessively rare and while exact numbers struck are unknown it is believed that fewer than 15 Five-Guinea pieces are in private collections.

According to Spink's records only four other examples have been offered at auction in Britain in the past 45 years. The VIGO Five Guinea piece is one of the most desirable coins in the entire English milled gold series.

For a detailed account of the battle and its consequences see H. Kamen, 'The Destruction of the Spanish Silver Fleet at Vigo in 1702', Numismatic Circular, June 1966 and C. Challis (ed.), A New History of the Royal Mint, Cambridge, 1992, p.433

This particular coin sold for a hammer price of 130,000 GBP, a record for a five guinea piece.

1709 five guineas

1709 five guineas, obverse (first bust) and reverse (narrow shields)
Courtesy of Spink

1713 five guineas

1713 five guineas, obverse (second bust) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


George I

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1720 five guineas

1720 five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


George II

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1729 EIC five guineas

1729 EIC five guineas, obverse (young head) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1741 five guineas

1741 five guineas (4 over 3), obverse (young head) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1746 LIMA five guineas

1746 LIMA five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1748 five guineas

1748 five guineas, obverse (older head) and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


George III

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1770 pattern five guineas

1770 pattern five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1773 pattern five guineas

1773 pattern five guineas, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


The Five Pounds


George IV

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1826 five pounds

1826 Proof five pounds, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink


Victoria

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1839 five pounds

1839 'Una and the Lion' five pounds, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1887 five pounds

1887 five pounds, obverse and reverse
Courtesy of Spink

1893 five pounds

1893 five pounds
Courtesy of Jean ELSEN & ses Fils


Edward VII

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1902 five pounds

1902 five pounds
Scan donated anonymously


George V

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1911 five pounds

1911 five pounds, obverse
Courtesy of Jean ELSEN & ses Fils

1911 five pounds

1911 five pounds, reverse
Courtesy of Jean ELSEN & ses Fils


George VI

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1937 five pounds

1937 five pounds
Courtesy of Jean ELSEN & ses Fils


Elizabeth II

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1953 gold

1953 sovereign, double sovereign and five pounds
Photograph taken by the author in 1964


Search by reign:

Charles II : James II : William and Mary : William III : Anne : George I : George II : George III : George IV : Victoria : Edward VII: George V : George VI : Elizabeth II


Acknowledgements

I readily acknowledge the kind permission given by Spink of London and Jean ELSEN & ses Fils of Brussels to use images from their website auction catalogues.


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Coins of UK - Five Guineas & Five Pounds
Copyright reserved by the author, Tony Clayton
v13 31st March 2015
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